Nabta Health

Hints & Tips
Access a Wide Range of Useful Hints and Tips
Discover everything you need to know to manage your health and the health of your family effectively. With tips on a wide range of topics, from fertility, pregnancy and childbirth, to chronic disease management and consumer health products.

Pregnancy

8 Myths About the flu in Pregnancy: Debunked

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

For many women, pregnancy is a time when they scrutinize everything that goes into their body for the sake of their developing baby. With ...

Endometriosis

What Medications are Recommended for Endometriosis?

Dr. Kate Dudek

The most common symptom of endometriosis is pain, with up to 80% of patients complaining of period pain and up to 50% experiencing chronic ...

Endometriosis

Should I Have Surgery for Endometriosis?

Dr. Kate Dudek

To date, the most commonly used way to clinically diagnose endometriosis is to perform laparoscopic surgery. A small cut is made in the ...

Endometriosis

How is Endometriosis Diagnosed?

Dr. Kate Dudek

Endometriosis can be challenging to diagnose because the symptoms are often difficult to distinguish from irritable bowel syndrome; symptoms ...

Endometriosis

The Symptoms of Endometriosis

Dr. Kate Dudek

Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue implants in locations other than the uterine cavity.  Endometriosis presents with a range ...

Endometriosis

Endometriosis Treatment 

Dr. Kate Dudek

There is no cure for endometriosis. The treatment provided aims to reduce the severity of the symptoms and improve quality of life. The ...

Toddler

When Should I Take my Baby With a Fever to the Doctor?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

How many times have you rushed your feverish infant to the doctor or clinic, only to be told there’s nothing they can do and you just ...

Toddler

Is Your Toddler Ready to Transition to one Nap?

Kim West, LCSW-C, Bundoo Sleep Expert

At 15-18 months old, toddlers hit that inevitable tricky phase where one nap is not enough, but two naps are too many. The result is an ...

Pregnancy

How Giving Birth can Cause Postpartum Thyroiditis

Admin

Postpartum thyroiditis is a condition that results in inflammation of the thyroid gland after giving birth. The condition first causes high ...

Cancer

Why is Glycerine Good For Your Skin?

Dr. Kate Dudek

Glycerine is a humectant. Humectants have many uses, including as a component of many moisturiser formulations. Glycerine makes a ...

Baby

How to Store Breast Milk

Admin

Breastfeeding is wonderful for you and your baby, but it\'s not always convenient. For a variety of reasons, breastfeeding moms might ...

Fertility

What is Endometriosis?

Dr. Kate Dudek

Endometriosis is a condition where tissue that is similar to the lining of the uterus or womb (endometrial tissue) grows elsewhere in the ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 13

Admin

Welcome to the end of the first trimester! Week 13 is officially the last week of the first trimester, and your baby is really growing now. ...

Health

Causes of Wheezing in Infants and Children

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

A common cold in an infant can be worrisome enough, but when your baby starts wheezing, even the most experienced parent can have serious ...

Pregnancy

10 Tips for Coping When Your Pregnancy or Delivery Doesn’t go as Planned

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Unfortunately, complications do arise over the course of some pregnancies. Issues like gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, or bleeding may ...

Body

Possible Reasons for Early Puberty in Girls

Dr. Kate Dudek

Puberty is defined as the time when a child’s body matures into an adult’s body and they become capable of reproducing. In girls ...

Baby

Baby’s First Bath

Admin

The idea of giving your baby the first bath can be intimidating. It’s only natural at first to be worried about handling a slippery, ...

Trying to conceive

How Eating the Right Food Might Help you to Conceive

Dr. Kate Dudek

Our diet has a direct impact on how healthy we are, and, eating well will keep us looking and feeling better. Improved heart health, a lower ...

Toddler

What is an Autism Screening?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

Autism screening is a valuable tool experts use to determine if a child is following typical development patterns and whether or not further ...

Pregnancy

How to Avoid Food Poisoning During Pregnancy

Susan Zogheib, MHS, RD, LDN

Food poisoning occurs when people eat or drink harmful microorganisms (bacteria, parasites, viruses), usually in contaminated food or ...

Baby

SIDS: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome

Admin

SIDS, or sudden infant death syndrome, strikes fear into the hearts of new parents. As the name implies, SIDS occurs when a baby dies ...

Cancer

SPF Properties of Natural Oils

Dr. Kate Dudek

The sun produces ultraviolet (UV) rays, which are damaging to the skin, causing premature signs of aging and increasing the risk of skin ...

Health

Adenovirus: Recognizing and Treating Adenovirus in Children

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Due to recent outbreaks covered in the news media, many parents have concerns about Adenovirus. With misunderstanding comes fear, so here is ...

Cancer

A Need for Earlier Ovarian Cancer Detection 

Dr. Saba Alzabin

The lack of specific symptoms continues to be a driving factor in the late diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Only 20% of cases are detected early ...

Cancer

The Diversity of Ovarian Cancer 

Dr. Merina Pradhan and Dr. Saba Alzabin

Ovarian cancer, like many other cancers, is heterogenous.  However, it can be mainly divided into three groups, based on the cell type ...

Pregnancy

What is Round Ligament Pain?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Round ligament pain is a common cause of discomfort for many pregnant women. While it does not put you or your baby in any danger, it can ...

Pregnancy

What Happens at Prenatal Visits?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Prenatal visits are important for many reasons: to make sure your baby is growing normally, to screen for any concerning symptoms, and to ...

Cancer

What is a Humectant and why is it Essential for Cosmetics?

Dr. Kate Dudek

A humectant is a substance used to keep things moist. It attracts and absorbs moisture from the air. When found in cosmetics, humectants ...

Toddler

Physical Development Milestones in Infants Between 2-4 months

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

In the first year of life, the physical milestones are the most obvious and exciting. As babies grow from newborns to toddlers, their ...

Weight

Why is Keeping Weight off Harder Than Losing Weight?

Dr. Kate Dudek

So you’ve worked hard to reach your goal weight and are feeling good about yourself. Improved health and increased self-confidence are ...

Body

What is the Difference Between Brown fat and White fat?

Dr. Kate Dudek

The word fat has all sorts of negative connotations; it is difficult to imagine a scenario where being described as ‘fat’ would ...

Baby

What are Group B Strep Infections in Newborns?

Admin

Group B Strep (GBS) is a normally harmless bacteria commonly found in the human digestive tract. But this little bug has a darker side: in ...

Health

What is MRSA?

Admin

MRSA is a serious infection that affects about 90,000 Americans annually, claiming 20,000 lives. In the past, MRSA affected mostly those ...

Health

What is Cradle Cap?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Cradle cap, officially known as seborrheic dermatitis or seborrhea, is the name for the greasy, yellowish scales found on the head and ...

Toddler

Milestones: Newborn to 1 Month: Cognitive Development

Admin

Although it might not seem like it, your baby is a cognitive sponge from birth. Beginning immediately, babies are soaking up information ...

Health

What is Hashimoto’s Disease?

Admin

Hashimoto’s disease is an autoimmune disease in which a child’s own immune system attacks his or her thyroid gland. The disease ...

Health

Causes and Treatments for Sudden Arrhythmia Death Syndromes

Admin

Each day, hour, minute, and second, your heart is beating to a regular rhythm that provides life-giving oxygen, blood, and nutrients to your ...

Health

Sepsis: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Admin

Sepsis is a very dangerous medical condition that results from infection, usually by a bacteria, but a virus or fungus can also be a cause. ...

Health

Understanding Solitary Kidney: Causes and Treatments

Admin

The kidneys are a pair of small abdominal organs that are responsible for filtering waste from the blood and eliminating it through the ...

Baby

Fungal Infections in Infants

Admin

The most common fungal infections in infants are yeast diaper rash, thrush, and ringworm (which, despite its name, is actually caused by a ...

Baby

How can I Prepare for Breastfeeding my Baby Before I Deliver?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Getting some information about breastfeeding before you give birth can definitely make those first few weeks less stressful and help you ...

Health

How do I Know if my Baby has Popsicle Panniculitis?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Popsicle panniculitis is a firm, raised, red to purple mark on the cheek or chin that arises 1-2 days after exposure to cold. The lesion is ...

Baby

Is it Normal for a new Baby to Lose Weight After Birth?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

This weight loss is due to the mismatch between calorie demands of the newborn and milk production by the mother. In an exclusively ...

Health

Q&a With Dr. Kristie Rivers: What Parents Should Know About Ebola

Admin

1. What is Ebola? Answer : Ebola is a viral infection like the flu, but it’s very rare. There are five strains of Ebola causing the ...

Health

Adenoid Removal Surgery in Kids: When is it Necessary?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Many parents have heard of children needing their tonsils and adenoids removed, but have you ever stopped to think about what your adenoids ...

Toddler

Toilet Training Tips

Admin

Toilet training can be frustrating, for both you and your child. However, there are steps you can take to make it easier on your whole ...

Toddler

How Children Understand Death

Raquel Anderson, EdD, LMHC, NCC, Behavioral Health Specialist

Children understand and react to death very differently than adults. In many households, the topic of death is not brought up until the loss ...

Toddler

What you can do About Unhealthy Food at Preschool

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

It’s snack time at preschool. You know that a wonderful learning experience happens for your child at snack time. Your preschooler gets to ...

Parenting

Playground Safety: Prevent Injury During Playtime

Admin

If you’ve taken your toddler to a playground recently—especially if it’s your first time to a playground in a while—you may have ...

Toddler

Where to Find dHA in Foods

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

DHA is a vital brain-boosting and eye health nutrient. In the first year of life, babies need adequate DHA to support healthy development ...

Health

AIDS in Newborns

Admin

In March 2014, news broke that a baby born with HIV appeared to be virus-free after aggressive treatment shortly after birth. This is the ...

Health

Giardia Intestinalis Infections in Children

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Outbreaks of diarrhea are extremely common among kids who spend time in childcare settings, but many parents don’t realize that these ...

Parenting

Postpartum Depression in Dads

Admin

Postpartum depression (PPD) is commonly associated with new mothers, and support for women with PPD is readily available. However, emerging ...

Toddler

Why Does my Preschooler Bite her Nails?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Believe it or not, even small children get stressed! Children deal with stressors every day that often aren’t recognized by parents. ...

Toddler

Is the Paleo Diet oK for my Baby?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

The Paleo Diet has traditionally been for adults but has been recently adapted for babies, often called Paleo Baby or the Cave Baby diet. ...

Health

Is Your Child Ready to Combat Winter Dermatitis?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Some children whose eczema is easily controlled with lotions and creams during the warmer months may experience an acute worsening of their ...

Parenting

Q&a With Dr. Kristie Rivers: Throwing a Safe Party for Your 1-year-old

Admin

1. Bundoo: Birthday parties are known for cake and candles — how many pictures have you seen of a 1-year-old in a diaper, digging into a ...

Toddler

Dealing With Your “Extreme” Picky Eater

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

Picky eating is a common, though frustrating, stage that many young children experience. When children only want the same foods over and ...

Health

How to Beat Diaper Rash During Summer

Admin

Summer heat can be hard enough on your baby, but adding a case of diaper rash can make it miserable.Diaper rash is a common condition ...

Parenting

When can I Start to Discipline my Child?

Eva Benmeleh, PhD

Instead of asking, \"When should I start disciplining my child?\" researchers from Yale University recently posed a different question that ...

Health

What is Tetanus?

Justin Morgan, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Tetanus, often called “lockjaw,” is caused by a specific bacterium (called Clostridium tetani) usually found as spores in soil, dust, ...

Baby

Are Environmental Estrogens a Real Problem for Your Child?

Admin

Depending on what you read, xenoestrogens are either causing a major health epidemic among our children, or they are a scare tactic used by ...

Pregnancy

What is a Doula?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

A doula is a type of specialist who has been trained to support a laboring woman before, during, and after her birth. The word doula derives ...

Toddler

Age-appropriate Fears for Babies and Children

Raquel Anderson, EdD, LMHC, NCC, Behavioral Health Specialist

Fears and phobias are common among the young. These fears will change along with their developmental stages. In other words, most fears are ...

Health

What is e. Coli o157-H7 Infection?

Justin Morgan, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a species of bacteria normally found in the intestines of people and animals. Most strains of E. coli are ...

Parenting

Car Seat Recommendations

Admin

According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, motor vehicle accidents are the number one killer of children 4 years of age and older in ...

Toddler

Can my Toddler Drink Almond Milk?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Research has documented poor growth and malnutrition in young children receiving inadequate protein and calories. If your toddler drinks ...

Parenting

Can we Bring Liquids Like Breast Milk or Formula on an Airplane Flight?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

It’s a good idea to bring double the amount of breast milk or formula you think you will need on a trip because travel delays are ...

Toddler

What is Saturated Fat?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Saturated fat has been linked to the development of heart disease, and experts recommend limiting the amount of saturated fat in the diet. ...

Baby

Q&a With Dr. jen Lincoln: Breastfeeding Your Toddler

Admin

1. Bundoo: Why do you think the United States medical establishment settled on weaning by 12 months of age? Do you think we should extend ...

Baby

4 Most Common Breastfeeding Problems

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

While there are countless benefits to breastfeeding, many new mothers are shocked to learn that breastfeeding can be painful. Some ...

Baby

How to Tell if Your Baby is Hungry

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Trying to read your baby’s cues can be confusing. When your baby cries and wiggles and fusses, what does that mean? Is he or she wet? ...

Baby

What is Engorgement, and how do you Make it Better?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Engorgement is a term that is sometimes incorrectly tossed around anytime a nursing mom says her breasts feel very full. This fullness can ...

Baby

10 Ways to Deal With Early Rising Babies

Kim West, LCSW-C, Bundoo Sleep Expert

Babies wake up early. It’s a fact. Many new parents are surprised to learn that most babies are up for the day between 6-7 a.m. Some, ...

Health

How to Select a Babysitter for Your Special Needs Child

Admin

Your special needs child requires a babysitter who not only cares for him or her, but also is familiar with specific medical procedures and/ ...

Toddler

Why you Need to Practice Responsive Feeding

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

The primary parenting goal during infancy is to form an attachment with your baby. This is easily done with feeding. Breastfeeding has been ...

Toddler

Lap, Highchair, or Booster Seat: get Your Child to the Table

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Most babies start their food experience at mother’s breast or on a parent’s lap. After they can sit, they will soon find themselves in a ...

Baby

What is Colostrum?

Admin

The first few days after your baby is born are full of joy but can also be overwhelming.  Figuring out your new little one takes time and ...

Baby

What is the Ideal Nursery Temperature at Night?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

While the exact number is debatable, keeping the room between 65 and 72 degrees at night is recommended. This will keep baby cool enough to ...

Baby

Why Does my Baby Push her Food out With her Tongue When Eating Baby Food?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

Babies are notoriously sloppy eaters. In the beginning, a reverse swallow pattern—called a tongue thrust—is often the culprit. A tongue ...

Pregnancy

How do Ovulation Predictor Kits Work?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Just before ovulation, your body increases the amount of luteinizing hormone that is released, also known as LH. When it peaks in amount, ...

Parenting

Q&a With eva Roditi: Dealing With Sibling Rivalry

Admin

1. Bundoo: Most parents would obviously prefer that their children get along. Is there anything a parent or parents can do to help minimize ...

Baby

Minimizing Exposure to BPA

Admin

Although the final verdict is out regarding the safety of Bisphenol A, or BPA, in a young child’s diet, the U.S. Food and Drug ...

Pregnancy

Four Things you Should Question if Your oB/gYN Recommends Them

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Medicine is rarely so straightforward that it can offer a “one size fits all” pattern. In fact, there is a reason it is called the “ ...

Baby

What are Heart Murmurs in Newborns?

Admin

Many parents will be surprised to learn that a heart murmur isn’t a disease. Rather, it is a symptom of an underlying condition. If your ...

Parenting

How to Praise Your Children

Eva Benmeleh, PhD

In today’s world of constant positive reinforcement for kids, it can seem hard to believe that praise can backfire. Numerous studies have ...

Baby

What is Tetralogy of Fallot?

Admin

Tetralogy of Fallot is a complex congenital heart defect (e.g., present at birth) characterized by the presence of four heart problems. ...

Parenting

6 Things to Worry About That you’re Ignoring

Admin

It’s a parent’s job to worry about their kids—but many of us are staying up at night fretting about things that will most likely never ...

Health

When you Should Visit an Allergist

Admin

When your child has frequent runny noses, constant sneezing, or a tummy ache after eating certain foods, it can be tempting to dismiss these ...

Health

What is Food Intolerance?

Admin

For most children, food intolerance begins with an intolerance to milk or soy in their first few months. As the child gets older and tries ...

Parenting

How to Tell Your Toddler you’re Getting Divorced

Admin

Most parents who are facing divorce worry about how to approach the topic with their toddler and how it will affect their toddler’s ...

Health

What Moisturizer can I use for my Baby’s Neonatal Acne?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

The acne, which looks similar to acne in teenagers, resolves on its own without any specific treatment. The skin should be washed just once ...

Baby

Does how Much Milk I Pump Accurately Measure how Much my Baby Gets When she Nurses?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Many women want to know exactly how much milk their babies get when they nurse, and some will express milk with a pump to try and estimate ...

Toddler

What is the new aAP Early Literacy Toolkit?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

Part of this initiative includes an updated early literacy toolkit called “Books Build Connections,” which focuses on “the importance ...

Toddler

Q&a With Raquel anderson: Brain Development in a 12-month-old

Admin

1. Bundoo: Research has shown for many years that stress in very early childhood, whether from family stress, poverty, natural disaster, or ...

Baby

What’s the Best Nursery Temperature to Prevent SIDS?

Elizabeth Olivera, MD, Bundoo Pediatrician

Like Goldilocks and the three bears, agreeing on a comfortable room temperature is a challenge for many households. One person likes it cool ...

Baby

Breastfeeding and Marijuana

Admin

There are very few reasons a mother cannot breastfeed her infant if she desires. Whenever possible, breastfeeding is recommended by the ...

Parenting

How Parental Stress Affects Your Kids

Admin

Parental stress affects children of all ages. In fact, studies have shown that parents’ stress can put children at risk for behavioral, ...

Pregnancy

Back Pain in Pregnancy: why it Happens and 7 Relief Options

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

With up to 75 percent of all pregnant women experiencing back pain at some point in their pregnancy, many want to understand why this ...

Baby

8 Simple Steps for Successful Sleep Training

Kim West, LCSW-C, Bundoo Sleep Expert

So you’ve decided you’re ready to begin sleep training—now what? One of the first mistakes sleep-deprived parents make in baby sleep ...

Toddler

Why Your Baby’s Brain Needs DHA

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Did you know your baby’s brain triples in size within the first year of life? This rapid brain growth is undeniable and requires important ...

Pregnancy

Tylenol in Pregnancy Linked to ADHD

Admin

Most OB/GYNs have long advised pregnant patients that it\'s perfectly safe to take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain, headaches, and fever. ...

Health

Traveling Abroad? Vaccinations Your Child may Need

Admin

Venturing abroad to exotic locales like India or China pose the opportunity for an exciting adventure—but it’s important to ensure you ...

Health

How Well can my Baby See?

Admin

Babies don’t arrive in the world fully developed. In reality, they continue to develop even basic characteristics long after birth, ...

Pregnancy

Can I Guess if I am Having a boy or Girl by the way I am Carrying?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

One famous old wives’ tale is that how a woman’s belly is shaped has something to do with the sex of her baby. The myth goes that if you ...

Baby

My Breastfed Infant’s Poop Used to be Yellow but now it’s Green. Why?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Slower digestion means darker colors. Older infants often have stools that are green because they digest food a bit slower than they did ...

Pregnancy

What Happens if my Amniotic sac Breaks Before my Baby is Term?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Known as PPROM, or preterm premature rupture of membranes, this is when the bag of water breaks before labor has started and your baby is ...

Toddler

Q&a With Dr. Sara Connolly: Milestones — the Good and the Bad

Admin

1. Bundoo: Milestones lists and charts are very popular with parents, but what are milestones really used for? How do you as a doctor use ...

Health

Rhabdomyosarcoma: a Childhood Cancer

Admin

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a form of cancer most commonly diagnosed in very young children and in adolescents. The cancer affects rhabdomyoblasts ...

Toddler

Should Your Baby do Yoga?

Admin

Yoga is one of the fastest-growing forms of exercise and stress reduction in the United States — for adults and increasingly for kids. ...

Health

Best and Worst Foods to Feed a Child With Diarrhea

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Years ago, managing diarrhea meant eliminating food and focusing on hydrating the child, in the hopes of curtailing stool output. Then the ...

Health

What are Primary Immunodeficiencies?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

When children are young, it may feel like they are constantly ill. Infants and toddlers often have near-daily runny noses, and fevers and ...

Baby

3 Rules for Feeding Your Baby Solids

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

When you’re ready to introduce solid food, the goal is to increase food exposure so that by one year of age, your baby has eaten a wide ...

Parenting

Considering Sterilization? Here’s What you Need to Know

Admin

Making the decision to permanently prevent pregnancy can be as powerful as the decision to have children in the first place. Individuals ...

Health

Lymphoma in Children

Admin

The lymph system is a part of the body’s immune system; it is responsible for filtering harmful cells from the blood and producing immune ...

Parenting

Tips for Preparing Your Child for Surgery

Admin

While most young children are healthy, pediatric surgical procedures are fairly common and can be anxiety-provoking for families. Even for ...

Health

Your Infant’s Skin: From Little Bumps to Prickly Heat

Admin

Skin markings on babies fall into two categories: those present from birth (congenital) and those that develop after birth. Depending on the ...

Health

What is Tuberculosis?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

To spread, an infected person coughs or sneezes, and small respiratory droplets are inhaled by a healthy person. Not everyone who is exposed ...

Baby

How do I Switch my 1-year-old From Formula to cow’s Milk?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

For some lucky parents, their baby tastes whole milk and happily never looks back. For others, it’s a game of slowly introducing the ...

Baby

My Newborn has a Clavicle Fracture. Should I be Worried?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Often, a baby with shoulder dystocia can suffer a clavicle fracture after the baby’s shoulder becomes stuck in the vaginal canal. ...

Health

Q&a With Dr. Justin Morgan: What are Developmental Screening Tools?

Admin

1. Bundoo: Infant screening really begins at birth. In the first few years of life, what are the major screening tools you use to assess an ...

Health

How to use a Nebulizer the Right Way

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Many parents of children with asthma know all too well the battle that can happen when the nebulizer comes out. When faced with another ...

Health

Are Baby Pacifiers Dangerous?

Admin

Most babies have a strong sucking reflex. In fact, many babies in the womb suck their thumbs, fingers, or just make the motion with their ...

Pregnancy

What is Delayed Cord Clamping, and Will it Help Your Newborn?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

At some point after your baby is born, your doctor or midwife will place two clamps on the umbilical cord. He or she (or your partner, if ...

Pregnancy

Is an Episiotomy Better Than Tearing Naturally?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

When preparing to give birth, many expectant moms have heard about episiotomies and wonder if they will have one performed when they deliver ...

Toddler

Do Internationally Adopted Children lag Behind non-Adopted Kids?

Admin

International adoption is big: according to the US State Department, about 8,600 children were adopted internationally in 2012, down from a ...

Health

Baby Development: Your 12 Month, 3 Week Old

Rachel Shnider, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

We know you’re busy, but as you’re nearing the major milestone of your baby’s first birthday, it’s a good time to reflect on ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 40

Admin

Welcome to the end of your pregnancy! Hopefully you’re feeling calm and ready and prepared. But even if you are worried that so many ...

Health

Treating Pediatric Stroke

Admin

When a child suffers a stroke—or a cerebral vascular accident—blood flow is momentarily cut off to the brain, leading to symptoms like ...

Toddler

Articulation and Speech Sound Development

Admin

\"Articulation\" is the technical term used to describe the production of vowel and consonant sounds for speech. These tend to develop at an ...

Health

What Color Should my Baby’s Poop Be?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

After your baby is born, it is normal for the stool to be brownish-black over the first few days. This thick, tar-like material is called ...

Parenting

What Should I Pack in my Child’s First aid Travel Kit?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Traveling with children is no fun when they get sick. It’s important to be prepared if you are away from home and your little one is ...

Toddler

When Should I let my Baby Start Feeding Himself?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

When babies are developmentally ready, often between 6 and 8 months, you can start to offer soft, easy-to-dissolve food items in bite size ...

Health

Q&a With Dr. Rachel Shnider: flu Vaccine Options for Your Baby

Admin

1. Bundoo: It seems like the campaign against vaccines has been losing steam recently. Do you find much resistance to the flu vaccine among ...

Baby

Are Baby Monitoring Apps Doing More Harm Than Good?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Baby apps are nothing new to modern parents. Breastfeeding apps and apps that record stool and urine output have been helping parents track ...

Health

How can Children With Milk Allergies get Enough Vitamin D?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Vitamin D is an important nutrient for the formation of bones as well as overall health, so getting enough is important, especially if your ...

Baby

Signs and Risk Factors of Insufficient Glandular Tissue

Leigh Anne O'Connor, IBCLC

You did your homework: you took the breastfeeding class, and you read the books. The message seemed simple enough: “Just keep nursing! Of ...

Health

One in Every 59 Children is Diagnosed With Autism

Justin Morgan, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

According to new estimates by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 1 in 59 children have been identified as ...

Toddler

What is the “30 Million Word Gap”?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

The \"30 million word gap\" refers to a research study conducted by psychologists Betty Hart and Todd Risley. Their study showed that ...

Toddler

Baby Development: Your 12 Month, 2 Week Old

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Your baby is almost a toddler! Just two weeks from now, your little one enters into a new phase of life. Gone are the baby days — and life ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 39

Admin

Welcome to Week 39! You probably noticed you still haven’t gotten much bigger since last week. You hit near your peak weight a week or ...

Baby

What is Cruising?

Admin

Most new parents are familiar with the typical developmental milestones, such as rolling over and walking, but there’s another, sometimes ...

Toddler

How Long Should Potty Training Take?

Admin

Unlike many developmental milestones, which often happen in a predictable order in typically developing children, potty training can be ...

Parenting

What is one Thing That Will Make my Children Safer in the Car?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

One of the most common mistakes is not securing the child into the seat tightly enough. During winter, the culprit is often winter coats! Be ...

Parenting

How Long Should our Baby Stay in our Room at Night?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

As long as you have a baby monitor to listen for your child crying in the middle of the night, you could allow your baby to sleep in their ...

Pregnancy

What are Some Benefits of Delayed Cord Clamping?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Delayed cord clamping is the practice of doing just what it says: waiting to place clamps on the umbilical cord rather than doing it ...

Health

Q&a With Dr. Sara Connolly: Food Allergies in Your 11-month-old

Admin

1. Bundoo: Parents hear so much about food allergies and are understandably worried about introducing highly allergenic foods early. What ...

Baby

Milk Banks for Breast Milk

Admin

When it comes to feeding your new baby, breast milk is best for both you and your child. But in some cases—mothers of premature babies ...

Parenting

Are you Ready for Free-range Parenting?

Raquel Anderson, EdD, LMHC, NCC, Behavioral Health Specialist

Here’s the easiest way to think of it: free-range parenting is the opposite helicopter parenting. Free range parents believe that children ...

Baby

Milk Allergies and Formula

Admin

There has been much attention regarding milk allergies in infants. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends breast milk over ...

Pregnancy

New Guidelines on Treating Pregnancy Morning Sickness

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Morning sickness is a side effect of pregnancy that no woman likes to experience, yet up to 85 percent of women do at some point. With this ...

Toddler

The 5 Best Veggies for Babies

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Fresh, frozen, or even canned (and rinsed), many veggies stand out when it comes to their nutritional quality. Packed with nutrients and ...

Baby

Don’t Forget Iron When Introducing Solid Food to Your Baby

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Introducing solid food to your baby is exciting. It means you are both officially onto “older baby” endeavors and starting the process ...

Toddler

Baby Development: Your 12 Month, 1 Week Old

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

As you baby gets older, you’re discovering a whole new set of parenting questions. You’ve started thinking about socializing your baby ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 38

Admin

Welcome to Week 38! You’re heading into the final stretch now—with just two weeks to go until your due date and just one week ...

Pregnancy

Hemorrhoids and Pregnancy

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

There is definitely one pregnancy symptom that is not at all enjoyable: hemorrhoids. They can show up during pregnancy or in the postpartum ...

Baby

What are Night Terrors?

Admin

Night terrors can be very frightening for both you and your child. Night terrors are not nightmares. They generally occur within a couple of ...

Pregnancy

Can I Schedule a C-section so my Baby is Born on a Certain Date?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

While it might be fun to have your baby arrive on your best friend’s birthday or on a day with special meaning to you (or to avoid a ...

Pregnancy

Do I Need Prescription Prenatal Vitamins?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Many women are handed a prescription for prenatal vitamins at their first prenatal visit. To be honest, this really isn’t necessary—and ...

Pregnancy

How Much can I Lift if I am Pregnant?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Many pregnant women with other children wonder if picking them up will harm their developing baby. The good news is that lifting has not ...

Baby

Q&a With Dr. Rachel Shnider: “Natural” Products, Explained

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1. Bundoo: What do the terms “organic” and “natural” actually mean when it comes to skin, hair, and healthcare products? Are these ...

Postnatal care

Lung Disease in Premature Infants

Admin

Premature infants are at risk for a variety of lung problems and diseases, in part because infants can survive birth at earlier ages than ...

Baby

Baby Boxes: Coming Soon to a Nursery Near You?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Baby boxes — sturdy cardboard boxes that are designed as a sleep environment for newborns — have been around for decades, first ...

Health

Natural Remedies for Eczema

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When your child is suffering from the red, itchy rash that comes with eczema, you want immediate relief. Aside from prescription creams and ...

Parenting

5 Tricks to Stop Your Kids From Fighting

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Step right up, folks! In the right corner, we have your 3-year-old son, and in the left, we have your 5-year-old daughter, battling it out ...

Pregnancy

How is Your due Date Determined?

Admin

When you learn you are expecting, you’re naturally going to have many questions. Besides the gender of your baby, one of the most common ...

Baby

What is Coarctation of the Aorta?

Admin

Coarctation of the aorta describes a narrowing of the aorta, which is the major artery carrying blood from the heart to the body. The ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 12 Month Old

Leigh Anne O'Connor, IBCLC

Remember the early days of nursing? Trying to get your tiny baby latched on, then worrying if he or she was getting enough calories and if ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 37

Admin

The countdown has begun: three weeks left to go. But don’t wish your pregnancy over quite yet. At 37 weeks, your baby is still not ...

Health

Sleep Apnea in Kids: Recognizing the Symptoms

Admin

Snoring is not an unusual symptom in children. As many as 10 percent of all kids snore on a nightly basis, according to the National Sleep ...

Parenting

How to Choose a Helmet for Your Child

Admin

Most parents understand the importance of wearing a bike helmet and for good reason. According to the Centers for Disease Control and ...

Pregnancy

When a Woman’s Water Breaks, is it Always a Huge Gush?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

The movies always make it seem like a tidal wave when a woman’s water breaks. While that can definitely be the case, others may only ...

Toddler

When Should my Baby say Their First Words?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

To most parents, there is very little that sounds sweeter than hearing your child’s first words. From birth, your baby is learning about ...

Toddler

What Exactly is a Sweet?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Foods that contains added sugar (in the form of sucrose, high fructose corn syrup, or honey) are the culprits that can lead to extra weight ...

Toddler

Q&a With Raquel anderson: Social Development in Your 10 Month Old

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1. Bundoo: What is meant by the term “socialize” when it’s applied to a baby? Answer : Raquel Anderson: The term “socialize” ...

Baby

Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction in Babies

Admin

Do your newborn’s eyes look watery or crusty, even when they aren’t actually crying? Excessive tearing or the presence of mucous ...

Parenting

When Will my Child Start Losing Teeth?

Admin

Baby teeth are usually (but not always) lost in order. The first incisors (the front lower middle teeth) generally become loose around 6 ...

Baby

7 Things to do When Your Baby won’t Latch

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

How your baby latches onto your breast is one of the most important factors in being successful with breastfeeding. Without a good latch,  ...

Pregnancy

Should you Take Probiotics During Pregnancy?

Admin

With the growing number of babies and infants suffering from allergies, researchers are increasingly looking for ways to prevent the ...

Toddler

5 Warning Signs Your Child may Need a Multivitamin

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Many parents wonder if their children need multivitamins. Some parents are looking for relief in the feeding department, hoping a ...

Health

5 Things That are Worse for Your Child Than Ebola

Admin

With Ebola making scary headlines across the country—and the first two confirmed cases in the United States, including one fatality—many ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 11 Month, 3 Week Old

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Welcome to week 47! As your baby crawls, cruises, and walks toward toddlerhood, you can expect to start seeing more bumps and bruises. You ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 36

Admin

Congratulations! You’re in the final month of your pregnancy! After weeks of rapid weight gain, you can expect things to slow down a ...

Toddler

Understanding High Fructose Corn Syrup

Admin

High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is a processed food superstar. Found in everything from cookies and cakes to ketchup, salad dressing, canned ...

Parenting

Why you Should Wear Your Baby

Admin

Baby wearing is the practice of carrying your baby in a cloth carrier or sling. This tradition has been practiced in many cultures for ...

Baby

When is it Safe to Expose my Newborn to Other People?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Be VERY cautious in the first month of life. If an infant less than one month of age gets a fever (a temperature greater than or equal to ...

Parenting

My car has Both the LATCH System and the Regular car Seat Belt in the Back, but Which one is Better?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Most people don’t realize that the LATCH (Lower Anchors and Tethers for CHildren) has a maximum weight recommendation, so it’s important ...

Baby

My son has an Undescended Testicle. What is the Next Step?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Treatment of the undescended testicle depends on the age of your baby. Some undescended testes will drop to their normal position within the ...

Parenting

Q&a With Dr. Rivers: the Truth About Spanking

Admin

1. Bundoo: When you’re working with parents, do you get many questions about spanking? Or is this something that most parents decide for ...

Breastfeeding

What is Mastitis and how is it Treated?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Mastitis occurs in 3-20 percent of breastfeeding women, depending on the definition used. While it is most common in the first 6 weeks after ...

Parenting

Parallel Parenting Works for Kids After High-conflict Divorce

Raquel Anderson, EdD, LMHC, NCC, Behavioral Health Specialist

It’s not surprising that divorce often creates parenting conflicts. Even with the best intentions, the best parenting strategies can fall ...

Baby

When to Wean From a Pacifier

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You might be dreading it, but there will come a day when your baby’s pacifier has to go. In general, experts recommend weaning your child ...

Parenting

What is Child Abuse?

Admin

One in eight American children will be abused in some way, which translates into about 12 percent of kids, between birth and their 18th ...

Health

Trichotillomania: Hair-pulling in Children

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Young children often show an interest in hair as they explore new textures. It’s common for children to go through a developmental stage ...

Toddler

What a Typical Sleep Schedule Looks Like for a 2.5-5-year-old

Kim West, LCSW-C, Bundoo Sleep Expert

Between 2–3 years of age, sleep needs decrease to 10.5 hours of nighttime sleep, with an additional 1.5-hour afternoon nap. At 4 years of ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 11 Month, 2 Week Old

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Now that your baby has more experience with solid foods, you might wonder which foods are “good” to introduce at this age and when it’ ...

Toddler

What’s in Artificial Sweeteners?

Admin

There are many artificial sweeteners on the market today, and it can be confusing for parents to understand what they are and where they are ...

Health

What Causes Pediatric Stroke?

Admin

Many people think that strokes only affect the elderly. Stroke, however, can and does occur in children. In fact, statistics show that up to ...

Toddler

What is the Montessori Approach to Education?

Admin

When researching schools for your preschooler or eavesdropping on parents at the playground, you will likely hear about Montessori. But what ...

Toddler

How Much Calcium Does my Baby Need?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

If you are breastfeeding your baby, it’s important that your diet is adequate in calcium, since you are the supply source for your breast ...

Baby

My Newborn Baby Girl has a Vaginal Discharge. Should I Worry?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

While in the womb, babies are exposed to mom’s estrogen as it passes through the placenta into the baby’s bloodstream. However, after ...

Toddler

Is a Vegetarian Diet a Good Idea for my Young Child?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Young children need iron and zinc to grow and develop normally. If you avoid meat, you will need to replace it with high iron and zinc ...

Toddler

Q&a With Cara Barthelette: Speech Development at 10 Months Old

Admin

1. Bundoo: When do most babies say their first word? What is the range of “normal” considered in terms of a first word? Answer : Cara ...

Toddler

 Emotional Development Milestones in Infants Between 8-12 Months

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Kids on the brink of their first birthdays are a bundle of contradictions: on one hand, they're increasingly confident about expressing ...

Pregnancy

Why do I Need Steroid injections if i’m at Risk for Preterm Delivery?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

As of 2015 in the United States, about 9.5 percent of all babies are born preterm, meaning they were born at less than 37 weeks gestation. ...

Health

9 Stand-ins for the Peanut Butter Sandwich

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Peanut allergies are more common, and many preschools are banning peanuts and peanut butter in the classroom. If your child has a peanut ...

Baby

6 Breastfeeding Hacks all new Moms Should Try

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Many women who breastfeed need to pump eventually, and some moms even pump exclusively as a way to feed their babies. Few women really love ...

Baby

A Guide to Starting Finger Foods

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Starting finger foods is an exciting time for both you and your child. It’s a sign that your child is growing up and making the move to ...

Baby

What is a Ventricular Septal Defect?

Admin

A ventricular septal defect (VSD) is a congenital heart defect that occurs during fetal development. Babies born with a VSD have a hole in ...

Health

Baby Development: Your 11 Month, 1 Week Old

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

It’s normal for young children to get colds. Sometimes, a child can have as many as 10 colds before he or she turns 2. As a parent, you ...

Parenting

5 Tricks for Dealing With a Child who Bites, Pinches, or Hits

Raquel Anderson, EdD, LMHC, NCC, Behavioral Health Specialist

Are you having trouble with a child who hits, pinches, or bites other children? This can be quite embarrassing and leave other parents and ...

Baby

Secondhand Smoke and Infants

Admin

The health risks of smoking are well established, both for smokers and the people who are routinely exposed to their secondhand smoke, ...

Health

When to Worry About Head Trauma

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Children are notoriously prone to accidents, whether it is the 12-month-old wobbly walker or the 3-year-old who falls off a tricycle. ...

Health

My Child has an ear Infection. Will his Eardrum Rupture?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

If your child improves during this time, an antibiotic is not necessary. During this “waiting period,” it is very unlikely that the ...

Health

My Toddler has an Itchy, red, Scaly Rash Around the Belly Button. What Could it Be?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Some children develop an allergy to nickel. When your child’s bare skin rubs against snaps, buttons, or even a belt, nickel can leach out ...

Health

How do I Safely Apply Insect Repellant on my Child?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

It is important for parents to read all labels and apply insect repellant according to product directions. Make sure to only apply the ...

Parenting

How Your 9 Month old Responds to Music

Eva Benmeleh, PhD

1. Bundoo: Is there an age at which babies and toddlers start to recognize music as music? How can parents tell if their baby is actually ...

Baby

Should Solid Foods be Introduced to Infants by &Quot;Baby led Weaning&Quot; ?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Baby-led weaning (BLW) is an approach to introducing solid food to your baby that skips the step of traditional spoon-feeding. Throughout ...

Pregnancy

How can I Prevent Another Preterm Delivery?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Experiencing a preterm birth for the first time can be a scary, stressful experience. Whether you delivered at 24 weeks or 34 weeks of ...

Parenting

What is Conscious Discipline?

Admin

Conscious discipline didn’t start as a parenting technique. It was conceived as a classroom management system that helped teachers use ...

Baby

Tricks for Treating Diaper Rash

Admin

Diaper rash is an unfortunately common skin problem that bothers most babies at one point or another. Signs your baby may have diaper rash ...

Parenting

What to do When Toddlers say “No”

Eva Benmeleh, PhD

If “No!” wasn’t your toddler’s very first word, it was probably in the first five. For many toddlers, “no” quickly becomes their ...

Parenting

What is a Mandatory Reporter?

Admin

A mandatory reporter is a person or institution legally required to report cases of suspected child abuse to legal authorities.All states, ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 11 Month Old

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Parents, you are nearing the finish line that marks the end of infancy. Soon you will have a toddler on your hands. This is an exciting ...

Health

What is Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome?

Justin Morgan, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a condition that generally occurs in children as a result of infection from a toxic strain of bacteria ...

Health

What is Eczema?

Admin

Baby’s skin is naturally sensitive, so it\'s only normal to worry when your little one develops eczema. But don’t panic: eczema is ...

Baby

Getting Sleep With a new Baby

Admin

So you just had a baby and you’re not getting enough sleep? Welcome to parenthood.While sleep deprivation is common for parents of babies ...

Baby

Is it Normal for my Baby to get a Fever While Teething?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

While the pediatric literature does not support the concept that babies who are teething normally get fevers, rashes, or diarrhea, each ...

Baby

Do I Need Birth Control if i’m Breastfeeding?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Lactational amenorrhea (LAM) is defined as the time when a woman does not have a period because she is nursing a baby. If all these criteria ...

Health

Can I Give my Child Acetaminophen to Bring his Fever Down When he’s Already Taking Antibiotics for an ear Infection?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

It is normal for a child to continue to have a fever for the first 1-2 days on an antibiotic. If this happens, it is okay to give an ...

Baby

Q&a With Jill Castle: how to Handle Snacks

Admin

1. Bundoo: When babies are first eating solids, a lot of parents quickly incorporate snack foods into the diet, like goldfish crackers and ...

Baby

Is Breastfeeding Overrated?

Justin Morgan, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

A study recently published in the journal Social Science & Medicine reignited the debate over the benefits of breastfeeding (or breast ...

Parenting

Do you Have the Right Highchair?

Admin

Choosing a highchair can sometimes feel like buying a car. There are many makes and models, with a huge range of designs and features. ...

Baby

Breastfeeding After a Breast Reduction

Leigh Anne O'Connor, IBCLC

Many moms have had breast reductions and go on to breastfeed successfully, but there are some special considerations you might run into. ...

Baby

How Much Sleep Does my Child Need?

Admin

Sleep is the brain’s primary activity in early development. It promotes mental and physical growth. The sleep and wake cycles of babies ...

Health

Diagnosis and Treatment of Muscular Dystrophy

Admin

Muscular dystrophy can be a devastating diagnosis for children and their parents. The progressive muscle condition causes long-term changes ...

Baby

Sofa Sleeping Greater Risk for SIDS Than Cribs

Admin

In a new study published in the October issue of Pediatrics, researchers examined data on infant deaths from 24 states and came to a ...

Parenting

Baby Development: Your 10 Month, 3 Week Old

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Your 10-month-old baby is gaining independence every day. Some may be climbing and crawling, while others may be venturing to take their  ...

Health

What is Social Communication Disorder?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

If your child is having communication issues, it’s only natural to wonder: “Is it autism or could it be something else?” Instead of ...

Baby

Can I use a Pacifier to get my Baby to Sleep?

Admin

The short answer is a qualified yes. You aren\'t going to do any harm to your baby by providing a pacifier to help your child get to sleep. ...

Toddler

Milestones: 12 to 15 Months: Emotional Development

Admin

One of the great miracles of parenting is watching your baby slowly emerge into toddlerhood and then childhood. Every new skill is a triumph ...

Health

What is the Best way to Clean a Small Scrape?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Once your little one is calm, gently rinse the wound with clear, warm water. Use a small amount of soap on a clean wet washcloth to gently ...

Baby

My Newborn is Bleeding From the Umbilical Cord. What Should I Do?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

A small amount of bleeding from the umbilical cord is often a normal part of cord separation. You may find dried blood on your baby’s ...

Parenting

What are the “5 rs” of Early Education?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

The “5 Rs” include:Reading together as a family.Rhyming, playing, talking, singing, and cuddling many times during the day.Establishing ...

Toddler

Q&a With Dr. Justin Morgan: Getting Started With Walking

Admin

1. Bundoo: When is the normal range for most babies to take a first step? Do they always crawl before they walk? Answer : Dr. Justin Morgan ...

Baby

Treating Night Terrors

Admin

Night terrors episodes are as terrifying for parents as they are for the children suffering from them. Distinct from nightmares, night ...

Baby

What Causes Infant Diarrhea (and When Should you Worry?)

Admin

Infant diapers can be a source of puzzlement for new parents as baby stool seems to come in a virtual rainbow of colors and consistencies. ...

Health

Common Antibiotics Used to Treat Bacterial Illnesses

Admin

Antibiotics are one of the most commonly prescribed medicines in a pediatrician\'s office. While they cannot be used to treat viral ...

Toddler

How to do Bedtime Snacks the Right Way

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

The messaging on snacking is changing. The negative publicity on snacks does have some merit — many children are getting too many snacks ...

Health

Why Your Child has Swollen Glands

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Parents may worry when they feel swollen glands in their child’s neck. It should come as a relief to know that swollen glands, or enlarged ...

Pregnancy

Can you get Your Period While you’re Pregnant?

Admin

Both your period and pregnancy cause fluctuations in hormones. Because both events can bring on their own unique set of challenges, it’s ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 10 Month, 2 Week Old

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Your 10 month old baby is likely into everything these days, and by bedtime, you likely have quite a mess on your hands. At this age, it can ...

Baby

When can I Wean my Toddler From Nursing?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

As the benefits of extended breastfeeding continue to come to light, more parents are wondering about the next step: weaning a toddler or ...

Health

Symptoms of Allergies

Admin

Allergies are the most common chronic disease in children. If you, your spouse or your extended family have allergies, chances are good that ...

Parenting

The Dreaded Hospital Stay (Part 1)

Admin

No parent wants to think about their child needing to be admitted into the hospital, but the reality is more than 3 million children in the ...

Toddler

When can I Give my Baby Dessert?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Infants and young toddlers should be eating a nutritious diet, with a focus on all food groups (protein, dairy, grains, fruits, and ...

Baby

My Baby won’t Give up the Bottle—What can I Do?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

An open top or straw cup should be appearing at meals and snacks around 8 or 9 months to help prepare baby for this transition. If you ...

Pregnancy

i am Pregnant and Woke up From Sleeping on my Back—Have I Harmed my Baby?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Most pregnant women have heard that sleeping on your back is not recommended after the first trimester of pregnancy. This is because as the ...

Baby

Q&a With eva Roditi: Does Stress Affect Babies?

Admin

1. Bundoo: We know that babies are very sensitive to their caregivers. At what age do they become aware of stress in the household? Answer ...

Pregnancy

What is in Utero Ultrasound?

Admin

There are few things as exciting for an expectant parent as seeing the first ultrasound images of their developing baby. Ultrasound is a ...

Baby

Do Sippy Cups Cause Dental Problems?

Admin

Sippy cups are easy to love. They don’t spill, they are super easy for baby to use, and they are a perfect bridge from the bottle or ...

Toddler

10 Ways to win the Preschool Morning Routine

Eva Benmeleh, PhD

Getting your preschooler ready for school on time — while potentially dealing with other siblings, a spouse, and getting yourself ready ...

Parenting

7 Healthy Eating Tips for Postpartum Weight Loss

Susan Zogheib, MHS, RD, LDN

Your new baby has arrived, and you are eager to get back into shape. However, losing weight after pregnancy takes time and patience, ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 32

Admin

As you’re nearing the final weeks, labor and delivery are no doubt looming larger in your mind. Anxiety over labor is common— ...

Health

What we Know About Ebola so Far

Justin Morgan, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Last week, a 42-year-old Liberian man died from the Ebola virus 10 days after he was admitted at Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital. Now two ...

Parenting

Baby Development: Your 10 Month, 1 Week Old

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Your baby is growing fast and wanting to explore his or her world in a bigger way. Crawlers are off and, well, crawling … all over the ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 35

Admin

Welcome to Week 35! With still five weeks to go until full term, this is the week that many babies finally stop getting longer (or at least ...

Toddler

Benefits of Reading Aloud

Admin

Reading with your child can be a wonderful way to spend quality time with your child while providing a major developmental boost. According ...

Parenting

The Dreaded Hospital Stay (Part 2)

Admin

As a parent of a hospitalized child, you can’t avoid being stressed, however there are actions you can take to help make your stay less ...

Pregnancy

What is Congenital Syphilis?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, congenital syphilis cases increased by a large 38 percent between the 2012 and ...

Baby

i’m Breastfeeding. When Should I Introduce the Pacifier?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends delay of the pacifier until breastfeeding is well established at approximately 4 weeks ...

Toddler

Should I Avoid Rice Cereal for my Baby?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Recently, its role in infant nutrition has been challenged. The reality is, your baby needs a good source of iron and zinc at 6 months if he ...

Baby

Q&a With Leigh anne o’Connor: Breastfeeding Your 8 Month old Baby

Admin

1. Bundoo: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding until six months of age, and then continuing to ...

Pregnancy

What is a Birth Plan?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

If you are pregnant and planning for your delivery, you may or may not have heard of birth plans.A birth plan is simply a document to help ...

Baby

Smoking and Breastfeeding

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Women smokers may wonder if it’s safe to smoke while breastfeeding. There are very few reasons a woman should not breastfeed, and smoking ...

Pregnancy

What is an Obstetric Hospitalist?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

When you are pregnant and deciding where you want to deliver your baby, most expectant parents think about many of the same things: How ...

Pregnancy

Can Dental Health Affect Pregnancy?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

When it comes to pregnancy, many women know that it is important to eat healthy (most of the time…), exercise, and take your prenatal ...

Pregnancy

Womb Transplants Become a Reality for Couples Struggling With Infertility

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In late 2014, a 36-year-old Swiss woman made medical history when she gave birth to a healthy baby after undergoing a womb transplant.For ...

Health

What is the Respiratory Syncytial Virus?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

RSV is short for respiratory syncytial virus. This is an extremely common virus in both children and adults. Nearly all children have had at ...

Parenting

Baby Development: Your 10 Month Old

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Babies at 10 months are full of personality and are learning how to use their voices and faces to impress and delight the people around ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 34

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If you’re feeling like you’re pretty over this pregnancy thing already, you wouldn’t be alone: lots of moms at this point ...

Toddler

Top Superfoods for Babies

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Whether you\'re buying store-brand baby food or making your own, it\'s never too early to start teaching your baby to enjoy healthy foods ...

Toddler

Milestones: 20 to 24 Months: Cognitive Development

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Toddlers on the brink of their second birthdays are experiencing a cognitive explosion: they\'ve already learned how to use a few words, and ...

Toddler

Can my Toddler Have Rice Milk?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Some toddlers drink rice milk if they are allergic to milk and soy or are following a vegan diet. If your toddler drinks rice milk, it is ...

Baby

How can I Prevent Diaper Rash?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

For some babies, nothing except a clean bottom is needed to prevent diaper rash. Just simply change your baby when soiled, wiping with ...

Health

My Child has a Bulge in his Groin Area. What Could it Be?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

An inguinal hernia occurs when there is a defect in the muscle or tissue of the lower abdominal wall, allowing the bowel to push through. ...

Parenting

Q&a With Dr. Sara Connolly: Infant Screen Time

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1. Bundoo: The American Academy of Pediatrics has long recommended no screen time for any children under the age of two. However, it seems ...

Toddler

Is Vitamin k Safe for Kids?

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Vitamin K is an important vitamin that promotes the healthy clotting of blood and prevents excessive bleeding. It\'s also used to promote ...

Toddler

Milestones: Newborn to 1 Month: Physical Development

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For the first month of your baby\'s life, don\'t be surprised if it’s full of eating, sleeping, pooping, and crying. At this age, babies ...

Toddler

Will my Late-talking Child end up Having a Language Disorder?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

Parents of young children with slow language development may wonder whether or not their children will catch up with peers and outgrow their ...

Parenting

What to do When Your Child Says, “i Hate You!”

Eva Benmeleh, PhD

No matter how patient a parent is, it’s very hard to hear an angry toddler say, “I hate you!” Your first reaction might be hurt or ...

Toddler

What a Typical Sleep Schedule Looks Like for an 18 Month- to 2.5-year-old

Kim West, LCSW-C, Bundoo Sleep Expert

When a child is 18 months old, it’s advised they get 11.25 hours of nighttime and 2.25 hours of afternoon sleep. By age 2, nighttime sleep ...

Toddler

Baby Development: Your 9 Month, 3 Week Old

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While it’s fun to look for milestones and celebrate your baby’s new expressions, actions, and movements, it’s also important to ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 33

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Welcome to Week 33! You’re now less than two months away from your due date. It won’t be long until you’re on weekly ...

Health

H. Pylori Infection in Children

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Helicobacter pylori is a common bacteria found in the stomachs of many children. In fact, some studies suggest that up to 50 percent of the ...

Toddler

Milestones: 16-19 Months: Cognitive Development

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While it\'s probably too early to think about the gifted program at your local elementary school, you\'ll be amazed at the cognitive ...

Baby

Which Birth Control Pill is Best When Breastfeeding?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

If you are breastfeeding and do not want to become pregnant, you should consider using some form of birth control unless you meet all of the ...

Pregnancy

When are Headaches in Pregnancy a Problem?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Headaches are very common in pregnancy. They are a nuisance but often harmless. However, if you are experiencing any of the symptoms ...

Health

Does the Timing of Introducing Foods With Gluten Impact the Chances That my Child Will Develop Celiac Disease?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

In both studies, babies with one or more relatives with celiac disease were watched to see if the timing of the introduction of gluten in ...

Baby

Q&a With Dr. Justin Morgan: Bathroom Safety Tips for Babies

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1. Bundoo: A 33-week-old baby might be able to sit up, “commando” crawl across the floor, and roll over. As baby gets more mobile, ...

Health

Is There a Connection Between Food Allergies and Eczema?

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Eczema (atopic dermatitis) causes red, dry, and itchy patches on the skin. It’s the most common chronic skin condition in children, ...

Health

What is Croup?

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Croup is a common childhood condition that causes swelling and inflammation of the upper airways, particularly the trachea and larynx. ...

Pregnancy

11 Birth Myths Debunked

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

If you’re about to give birth, surely your friends and family have told you exactly what their deliveries were like — and how yours ...

Pregnancy

5 Ways to to Prepare for an Unmedicated Childbirth

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

When gearing up to deliver a baby, most moms have spent time considering how they might cope with labor pain. While many options exist, some ...

Health

Osteomyelitis: Bone Infections in Children

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Children are notorious for getting bumps, cuts, and bruises. In rare cases, a serious infection of the underlying bone, known as ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 9 Month, 2 Week Old

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At nine months of age, your baby is gaining more experience with solid foods, which means it’s about time to begin introducing “finger ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 31

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Welcome to Week 31! Just nine weeks to go, which means there’s still time to plan for some of those post-delivery things you’ll ...

Baby

Umbilical Hernias: why Does my Baby’s Belly Button pop Out?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

A hernia occurs when there is a defect in muscle or tissue of the abdominal wall that allows abdominal contents, usually bowel to push ...

Toddler

Milestones: 5-7 Months: Emotional Development

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Despite the huge changes your baby has undergone since birth, development is still happening in very fundamental ways by 5-7 months. ...

Toddler

Is There a Toddler Low-fat Diet?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

As a high-calorie nutrient (9 calories per gram), fat ensures your toddler gets enough calories, especially when you consider his tiny tummy ...

Pregnancy

Can Wearing a Seatbelt be Harmful if i’m Pregnant?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Every time you get in a car, pregnant or not, you should wear a lap-shoulder belt. As your belly expands, it is important to wear the lap ...

Pregnancy

How is Placental Abruption Treated?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Placental abruption occurs in approximately 1 in 150 pregnancies. This is when the placenta prematurely separates from the walls of the ...

Baby

Q&a With kim West: how to Manage Sleep for Your 8-month-old

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1. Bundoo: What’s “normal” at 8 months, or is there even such a thing? Should babies be sleeping through the night, or is it typical ...

Parenting

Introducing Your new Baby to Older Siblings

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There’s no doubt the adults in your house are excited about the arrival of a newborn, but many new parents are surprised to learn their ...

Toddler

Everything you Need to Know About Food Groups

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Food groups may be confusing, but once you get the hang of them, they are your secret weapon for planning balanced, nutritious meals and ...

Health

Lactose Intolerance in Infants

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When your baby drinks breast milk or formula, an enzyme in their body breaks down a natural sugar in the milk called lactose. If there is an ...

Health

Brown’s Syndrome of the Eye

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Brown’s Syndrome is a rare and painless condition of the eyes that can affect both children and adults. Patients with Brown’s syndrome ...

Pregnancy

Why you Might Need a C-section if Your Baby is too big for Delivery

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

It is important to fully understand why a scheduled C-section is recommended as opposed to a trial of labor. While it is true that in some ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 9 Month, 1 Week Old

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Many parents eagerly look forward to seeing their baby crawl across the floor — only to realize somewhere around this time that actual ...

Pregnancy

What is an Ectopic Pregnancy?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

An ectopic pregnancy is when a fertilized egg implants and develops outside of the normal location in the uterus. This could be in a ...

Pregnancy

How is a Miscarriage Diagnosed and Treated?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Miscarriage is unfortunately a common occurrence, complicating approximately 25 percent of pregnancies. Another term for a miscarriage is a ...

Toddler

Milestones: 5-7 Months: Physical Development

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Your 5- to 7-month-old is just beginning to discover his or her own body, but these little developments add up to a big change. At this age ...

Baby

Does Singing to Infants Have any Benefit for Babies?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

A new study of premature babies in the NICU found that infants who were held skin-to-skin and sung to by their mothers had a decrease in ...

Toddler

Will Teaching my Baby to Sign Delay Speech?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

No research to date supports that teaching baby signs is detrimental to speech development. Very early on, learning baby signs can give your ...

Toddler

Should I Give my Child Vegetables First When I Start Solid Foods?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Most recommendations have been common-sense recommendations and have survived years and years of mothering. It doesn’t really matter ...

Baby

Q&a With Jill Castle: Transitioning to Solids and Finger Foods

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1. Bundoo: Baby-led weaning is still gaining in popularity and does seem to have good data supporting it. What do you recommend for the ...

Pregnancy

What is a Forceps/Vacuum Delivery?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Deliveries that are performed with a vacuum extractor or forceps are referred to as “operative deliveries.” They account for ...

Pregnancy

When a Traumatic Birth Leads to PTSD

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

When a woman thinks of her perfect birth experience, it may include scenarios like going into labor spontaneously, having a great connection ...

Baby

How Torticollis Affects Breastfeeding

Leigh Anne O'Connor, IBCLC

Have you noticed that your baby always turns his or her head in one direction or the other? Does your baby have a flattened head? Does your ...

Toddler

When is it too Early to Worry About Childhood Obesity?

Susan Zogheib, MHS, RD, LDN

Public health experts and nutritionists have been sounding the alarm bells about the huge increase in childhood obesity. According to the ...

Parenting

Too Much Praise: When “you’re the Best!” Backfires

Eva Benmeleh, PhD

“Good job!”“You’re the best!”Listen to any parent for a while—or even yourself—and you’re likely to hear one of these ...

Parenting

Parents Rely More on Online Reviews to Find Pediatricians

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It’s the 21st century version of the trusted neighborly reference: the online rating.Whether it’s reviews of services or products, ...

Toddler

Baby Development: Your 9 Month Old

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Your baby is three quarters of a year old, which means it’s time to head back to the pediatrician’s office for the 9-month check-up. ...

Health

Hepatitis a in Infants and Children

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, medications, and autoimmune ...

Parenting

The Five Childcare Experts you Need to Know

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

As healthcare evolves, you may notice that your once-intimate doctor’s office is now full of busy looking people. The days of one doc, one ...

Toddler

Milestones: 5-7 Months: Cognitive Development

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In the first year of life, your baby\'s brain develops much faster than his or her body. Every day, your child is learning new things, ...

Baby

How can I Breastfeed While Traveling?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

First, invest in a good cover-up that will give you privacy and give your baby a dark environment to nurse. After a certain age, many babies ...

Health

Is it oK to Delay my Child’s Vaccines Until They are Older and Stronger?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

As a parent, you have to be comfortable with the medical decisions you make for your little one. However, there is no medical evidence to ...

Health

How do I Know if my Child has a Nursemaid’s Elbow?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Commonly referred to as a nursemaid’s elbow, this condition occurs when the annular ligament in the elbow becomes trapped between the ...

Toddler

Q&a With Dr. Sara Connolly: Reading to Your 7 Month Old

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1. Bundoo: You’re a big proponent of reading to your kids, beginning at a very young age. Is there data showing real benefits of  ...

Pregnancy

What are the Risks of Smoking During Pregnancy?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Smoking cigarettes and pregnancy do not mix. While most expectant mothers know this, it can still be hard to quit. The good news is that ...

Health

When Should Your Pediatrician Send Your Child to an ENT?

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It used to be common practice that if a child suffered from an ear infection, antibiotics were given to clear it up. But the American ...

Health

Formula for Babies With Allergies

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Most babies tolerate formula with no problem, but for some babies, feeding with formula can cause a number of issues. If your baby ...

Health

What’s in Vaccines?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

The manufacturing process of vaccines is complex but can be oversimplified into a few steps. First, a bacteria or virus (or a part of one) ...

Pregnancy

How do I Time my Contractions to Know When i’m Really in Labor?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

If you are pregnant with your first baby, your doctor or midwife has likely told you that contractions can be a sign of labor and that at a ...

Health

Why you Need to be Cautious of toe Walking

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

It\'s common for children to walk on the balls of their feet when they are first learning to walk. While most children outgrow this “toe ...

Toddler

Baby Development: Your 8 Month, 3 Week Old

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From rolling over, to starting to play with toys, to laughing and babbling, your 8-month-3-week-old baby is likely knocking down milestones ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 30

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Just 10 weeks to go! How are you feeling? Ready? At this point, it’s not uncommon to be both excited and nervous, or you might find ...

Health

Labial Adhesions

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Parents sometimes note when changing a diaper that their child’s vagina appears to be partially closed, a condition called labial ...

Toddler

Milestones: 2-4 Months: Emotional Development

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Between 2 and 4 months, your baby\'s range of emotional expression will be rapidly developing. Most babies this age will smile when they\'re ...

Pregnancy

Can Eating Spicy Food put me Into Labor?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Many women swear by spicy Chinese food as the thing that finally put them into labor. The truth is that there are no studies to confirm or ...

Baby

Is it oK to Give my Baby Peanut Butter?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

As long as baby meets certain criteria for safety, peanut butter can be introduced in small amounts. The criteria are as follows: baby is at ...

Pregnancy

Can I go in a hot tub if I am Pregnant?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

While soaking in a hot tub might sound like the perfect way for a pregnant woman to relax, it is actually not the best idea. Hot tubs are ...

Toddler

Q&a With Raquel anderson: Developing Infant Play Time

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1. Bundoo: How important is it to provide opportunities for play to children at 29 weeks, or about seven months of age? Should parents set ...

Baby

Can I use Formula When I Breastfeed?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

In an ideal world, all mothers and their infants would begin their new lives together effortlessly breastfeeding with no complications and ...

Health

What is an Orthodontic Pacifier?

Admin

If you’ve made the decision to offer your infant a pacifier — after four weeks of age when breastfeeding habits are firmly entrenched ...

Baby

What are Amniotic Bands?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Parents are often devastated when they find out their newborn has a congenital birth defect. An uncommon cause of birth defects includes ...

Toddler

The Snack bar: Rethinking Snack Time for Toddlers

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Does snack time mean full-on war with your finicky toddler? Does your child insist on cheesy crackers for a snack while you coax him or her ...

Pregnancy

What is PPROM?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

The abbreviation PPROM stands for preterm premature rupture of membranes. This is when the amniotic sac, or bag of waters, breaks before 37 ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 8 Month, 2 Week Old

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While your 8-month-2-week-old baby may not be walking yet, he or she is hopefully making great strides forward when it comes to eating, ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 29

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If you feel like you’ve gained another 10 pounds since last week, you can take some comfort in the fact that not all that weight was ...

Parenting

5 Signs you Have a Favorite Child

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Few parents would ever admit (at least out loud) to having a favorite child—unless they were trying to cause conflict. But ask any group ...

Toddler

Milestones: 20 to 24 Months: Emotional Development

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As they approach their second birthdays, toddlers are increasingly able to verbalize their emotions and wants, which makes the job of ...

Toddler

What are the Best Sources of Calcium for my Child?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Infants from 0-6 months need 200 milligrams (mg) of calcium each day; infants 7-12 months need 260 mg; toddlers aged 1-3 years need 700 mg; ...

Pregnancy

When Will my Period Return After Giving Birth?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

One of the great benefits of pregnancy is that you get to skip your period for about 40 weeks! But yes, it will return. If you aren’t ...

Baby

Is it ok to Give my Toddler the Same Breakfast Every Day?

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

If you offer the same old food every day you may suffer from one of these: a picky toddler who refuses to try anything new, a limited palate ...

Baby

Q&a With Dr. Kristie Rivers: it’s Teething Time!

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1. Bundoo: Is it OK if a baby hasn’t started teething by around six months? How long can it take before those first teeth erupt? Answer ...

Parenting

Flying With a Child

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Flying with a child can trigger both excitement and dread in any parent who is planning a trip. Traveling together can be a fun time to bond ...

Health

What is Intoeing (Pigeon Toes) in Children?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Intoeing is a common childhood condition that concerns parents — even if they shouldn’t worry most of the time. In intoeing, a child’s ...

Pregnancy

What is a NICU?

Admin

A neonatal intensive care unit, commonly referred to as a NICU, is a special unit in a hospital dedicated to caring for premature or ill ...

Parenting

Do Dads Bond Differently Than Moms?

Admin

With parenting, there can often be a great divide between how you think things should be and how they actually are. This is very true for ...

Health

How to Recognize Geographic Tongue in Children

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Have you ever looked at your child’s tongue and been shocked by what you saw? Children with a geographic tongue may look normal in the ...

Toddler

3 Awesome Hacks to get Your Baby to eat Healthy

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

For many parents, just around the time they\'ve mastered breast or bottle-feeding, it\'s time to think about introducing solid foods— ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 8 Month, 1 Week Old

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To your 8-month-old, anything can be a toy. From the discarded water bottle to the wooden spoon, if it makes noise, is colorful, or is an ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 28

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Welcome to Week 28! If you haven’t noticed already, growth in the third trimester can be a little uneven—both for you and your ...

Parenting

Are Poinsettias Poisonous?

Admin

Once baby arrives, decorating the house for the holidays takes on a whole new meaning. One thing to watch out for: holiday plants that can ...

Toddler

Milestones: 2-4 Months: Cognitive Development

Admin

Between the ages of 2 and 4 months, you and your new baby will have started to settle into a predictable routine with set times for sleep, ...

Pregnancy

Do I Need to Confirm my Urine Pregnancy Test With a Blood Test?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Both urine and blood pregnancy tests detect human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG. While a urine pregnancy test will only tell you if you are ...

Parenting

What is the Difference Between aDD and ADHD?

Raquel Anderson, EdD, LMHC, NCC, Behavioral Health Specialist

There are three types of attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, or ADHD.  First, the inattentive type, formerly ADD. Your child may ...

Toddler

What is the Difference Between Refrigerated Milk and Milk That is Sold on the Shelf at Room Temperature at the Grocery Store?

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Pasteurization is the process by which milk is heated to kill any bacteria that inadvertently found their way into the milk between the cow ...

Parenting

Q&a With eva Roditi: Teaching Your Baby About Emotions

Admin

1. Bundoo: When babies are born, it seems they have a limited range of emotions. Is this true, or is it that babies have limited ways of ...

Pregnancy

How Epidurals Affect Labor

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

A recent study done from the University of California San Francisco (UCSF) shed some interesting light on how epidurals may impact the ...

Baby

Treating Diaper Rash

Admin

The term “diaper rash” is used to describe a skin irritation or rash that occurs on your baby\'s bottom. It is a common condition that ...

Health

Environmental Allergies and Eczema

Sara Connolly, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

Also known as atopic dermatitis, eczema is characterized by an itchy, red rash —similar to the symptoms associated with allergic skin ...

Baby

22 High Fiber Foods to Help Cure Constipation

Jill Castle, MS, RDN

Constipation is one of the leading causes of concern for parents of young children. And it’s no wonder! There’s so much going on with ...

Pregnancy

5 Types of Vaginal Tears From Giving Birth and What They Mean

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Giving birth vaginally can result in vaginal tearing or lacerations for many women. This is part of the normal process of a baby passing ...

Baby

What a Typical Sleep Schedule Looks Like for a 13- to 18-month-old

Kim West, LCSW-C, Bundoo Sleep Expert

By 13-18 months of age, children are recommended to have an average of 11.25 hours of uninterrupted nighttime sleep and up to 2.5 hours of ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 8 Month Old

Admin

At eight months of age, the words that best describe your baby are “curious” and “energetic.” Your little one is on the move and ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 27

Admin

Congratulations! Week 27 is generally considered the beginning of the third trimester, otherwise known as the homestretch. Now is a great ...

Health

Vaginitis in Toddlers

Admin

It is not uncommon for infants and little girls to complain of discomfort in the diaper area or vagina. Irritation of the vagina, or ...

Toddler

Milestones: 20 to 24 Months: Physical Development

Admin

As a toddler approaches 2 years old, they will become increasingly confident and assured in motor skills — walking, running, throwing and ...

Health

Will my Child be Given Medicine if he is Diagnosed With the Flu?

Kristie Rivers, MD, FAAP, Board Certified Pediatrician

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends treatment with an anti-viral medication for the following groups of people: ...

Pregnancy

is it Normal for my Period to Change After i’ve had a Baby?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

After giving birth and experiencing true labor contractions, “cramping” may have taken on a whole new meaning to you! And when it comes ...

Pregnancy

What is Done at the Time of a Shoulder Dystocia to Help Deliver my Baby?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

A shoulder dystocia is a complication encountered at the time of vaginal delivery. This is when a baby’s head has delivered, but the ...

Baby

Q&a With Dr. jen Lincoln: What About Weaning?

Admin

1. Bundoo: The AAP recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months and continued breastfeeding up to a year. By this time, many ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 17

Admin

Hard to believe it, but you’re already deep into your second trimester—and there’s probably no question that you’re ...

Baby

9 Ways to Make Night Weaning Work for You

Leigh Anne O'Connor, IBCLC

You worked hard to make breastfeeding work and you are on a roll. Your baby is thriving and your confidence in nursing is solid. But now you ...

Pregnancy

What is Infertility?

Jennifer Lincoln, MD, IBCLC, Board Certified OB/GYN

Infertility is generally defined as the inability to get pregnant after 12 months of unprotected sex. This affects about 10-15 percent of ...

Parenting

Is it Dangerous if my kid Eats pet Food?

Admin

Many toddlers are ferociously finicky eaters, while others will eat almost anything — including pet food. From the toddler’s point of ...

Parenting

6 Ways to Stop Sibling Jealousy When Another Baby Arrives

Eva Benmeleh, PhD

Sibling jealousy is a real issue for many families, especially when a new baby is on the way. Older siblings may be excited about the ...

Parenting

Couvade Syndrome: Sympathy Pregnancies in Men

Admin

Morning sickness, cramps, back pain, hunger pangs, weight gain—all normal symptoms when you’re pregnant. But what if your husband or ...

Baby

Baby Development: Your 7 Month, 3 Week Old

Admin

At 31 weeks, your baby is making the transition from living exclusively on breast milk or formula to a more varied diet that includes solid ...

Pregnancy

Your Pregnancy, Week 26

Admin

Hard to believe, but you’re almost through the second trimester! From now until the end of your pregnancy, the good news is that you ...

Parenting

Do Younger Siblings Start to Talk Later Than Older Siblings?

Cara Barthelette, MS, CCC/SLP, Pediatric Speech Therapist

If you are a parent of more than one child, at times it may seem like your older child does all the talking for your younger child. Parents ...

Toddler

Milestones: Newborn to 1 Month: Emotional Development

Admin

Even from the first days, babies can be surprisingly attuned to your emotional state and the beginnings of their unique personalities are ...

Pregnancy

How Soon c