Children can begin to show signs of bullying as early as preschool, and studies show these signs increase in prevalence as children mature from first grade into middle school. Research shows that bullying seems to peak during early adolescence, then taper off as children move on to high school. In fact, there are nearly twice as many victims of bullying in the primary grades as in the secondary grades, suggesting that as adolescents mature, they realize this behavior is socially unacceptable.
Bullying can be physical, verbal, or even implied with threatening gestures. As children grow older, teasing and taunting often escalates into physical abuse as children look for a way to prove their dominance and superiority.
Some of the signs that your child is at greater risk of becoming a bully include:
Having a temper
Exhibiting antisocial behavior
Having a low frustration threshold
Previous diagnosis of a disorder like ADHD
Excessive interest in violent media
A history of physical aggression
Younger children who are perceived to be weaker are often victims of bullying. Children who are viewed as quiet, cautious, insecure, “different,” or sensitive are most often the target of taunts, teasing, and harassment. Studies show that being bullied as an adolescent can lead to depression and social problems later in life, which can result in low self-esteem issues.
The most effective form of bullying prevention starts at home. At an early age, parents can teach children how to properly interact socially, resolve conflicts, and deal with anger and stress. Older children have many programs available to them that can educate on how to deal with anger issues. Counseling and screening for psychiatric problems remains the best ways to combat behavioral issues that are found in children that bully.
- At Health
- Where and when does bullying begin?
- Bullying is no laughing matter.
American Family Physician
- Childhood Bullying: Implications for Physicians.
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